Classical Fencing: The Four Lines

All through the old style time frame and into present day times, fencing experts have separated the foil focus into four explicit territories. These are generally named lines, and once in a while lines of assault, lines of guard (Rondelle 1892), or lines of repel (Cass 1930). The outcome is a division of the objective into high and low, outside and inside lines, making four quadrants. How you comprehend these quadrants relies upon how they are depicted and showed.

The delineations are critical to what number of fencers, even today, think about the objective. They have showed up in various messages, and fall into two classes:

Representations that demonstrate the lines as subdivisions on the chest of the fencing coat.

Representations that demonstrate the lines with the fencer holding a weapon.

The thing that matters is critical. The delineations dependent on as subdivision of the chest, for example, Colomore Dunn’s (1891), demonstrate the objective partitioned horizontally and vertically into four comparative zones. The vertical division is down the centerline of the chest and guts; the flat division parts the objective into two basically equivalent parts. The weapon arm isn’t delineated, giving no reference to how the quadrants line up with the weapon. The impression is that these are fixed portions dependent on the shape and size of the fencer’s body.

Interestingly, the representations (for instance, Pinto Martins 1895 and Cass 1930) that incorporate the weapon arm, demonstrate the quadrants in connection to the weapon. This is significant, on the grounds that a hit to the upper forward quadrant of the chest could be a hit in both of the two high line quadrants, contingent upon the area of the arm.

The quadrants themselves are depicted similarly by most sources dependent on the French school. There are four lines:

High line – everything over a flat line drawn through the watchman or the fencer’s hand.

Low Line – everything beneath an even line drawn through the gatekeeper or the fencer’s hand.

Inside Line – everything from a vertical line through the watchman toward the fencer’s chest and midriff (to the fencer’s left if right-gave, or to one side whenever left-gave).

Outside Line – everything from a vertical line through the watchman toward the fencer’s flank and back (to the fencer’s privilege if right-gave, or to one side whenever left-gave).

The blend of the lines brings about the four quadrants:

High Inside – additionally named Fourth.

Low Inside – additionally named Seventh. Rondelle terms this Low Fourth.

Low Outside – additionally named Second or Eighth. Rondelle terms this Low Sixth.

High Outside – additionally named Third or Sixth.

Note that for each situation the point from which the line is characterized is differently the gatekeeper, the hand, or the hold of the weapon, successfully a similar spot (Heintz 1890, Rondelle 1892, Manrique 1920). Since the gatekeeper moves, the lines themselves move upward and descending, internal or outward, with the outcome that the quadrants increment fit as a fiddle, now and again offering a broad objective territory, in some cases a little one.

Since both assault and guard are portrayed all through fencing as far as the lines, understanding the terms is significant. Since the manner in which an assault or safeguard is portrayed is with regards to the lines, applying the procedure strategically requires a comprehension of the area, yet additionally the portability, of the lines.